HIV is a virus that directly damages the human immune system. It has been found that HIV is spread by contact with a person’s body fluids (often during unprotected sex) and by the use of medical equipment used by an infected person.
If not treated properly,
The immune system in our body cannot fight the HIV virus. The danger is that no cure has been found for the HIV virus. If the virus somehow gets into the body, it stays in the body for the rest of your life.
However, a person infected with HIV can lead a healthy life by taking the appropriate medications. He can also prevent the transmission of the virus to his sexual partner.
Let’s see what HIV is.
It is a disease caused by a virus that destroys the human immune system, causing the human immune system to fail. A person becomes ill from being exposed to the activation of viral bacteria and fungi.
The main reason for the inability to develop a successful drug for AIDS is because it is a protein molecule.
Most people living with HIV in the United States do not get AIDS. This is because they control the spread of the disease through proper medication.
An HIV-infected person is considered to have AIDS.
The number of CD4 cells in the immune system of an HIV-infected person is less than 200mm3. The level of CD4 cells in the immune system of a healthy person is between 500mm3 – 1600mm3.
On average, people can live for up to three years without medication for HIV. When infected with a dangerous disease, one can live without treatment for up to a year.
If a person is infected with HIV, his or her medication can save his or her life.
How do you know if you are infected with HIV?
The only test you can get to know if you are infected with the HIV virus is a medical test. There is no need to be afraid of that. You can get those tests done by going to a medical clinic.
A self-examination can also be done to find out if you are infected. These medical test kits are available at authorized pharmacies, health centers, and community-based organizations.
How do you get infected with the HIV virus?
You become infected with the HIV virus only through direct contact with the body fluids of another infected person.
- Anal fluid
- Vaginal fluid
- breast milk
In order to become infected, the mucous membranes in these fluids must enter the bloodstream of a person who is not infected by a cut or wound. A person who has been diagnosed with HIV is not at risk of transmitting the virus if he or she is taking the proper medication.
How does the virus spread from person to person?
The HIV virus can only be spread through specific activities.
- Intercourse with an HIV-infected person without proper protective measures or without medication to control the spread of the disease
- Sharing inject-able drugs and equipment with an HIV-infected person.
- To the child of an infected pregnant mother, to the child breastfed by an infected mother. However, taking the currently prescribed medication for the HIV virus can help reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission by one percent or more.
- It can be transmitted to another person in the event of an accident involving the handling of sharpened medical equipment used on an infected person. (Health sector employees are at greater risk.)
These are more ways to spread the virus.
- Mouth intercourse
- Transfusion of infected blood, organs and tissues (especially blood samples taken during blood transfusions)
- Blood or fluid from a wound on the skin of an infected person can be transmitted by contact with a wound on the skin of another person.
- Mouth kissing with an infected person with bleeding in the mouth or gums can spread the disease.
- The disease can be transmitted by ingesting food chewed by an infected person. This occurs if the infected person’s blood gets on the chewed food, which can infect the other person.
To minimize virus infection and spread
If an infected person takes medication daily, his or her virus level will be very low. It is too low to be detected on re-examination.
An infected person is not at risk of transmitting the virus through sexual intercourse with him or her if he or she is taking the medication properly on a daily basis and his or her body is at an undetectable level.
People infected with the virus must be prescribed medication as well as on the scheduled date for a medical examination.
Media that do not spread the HIV virus,
- By water or air.
- By insects such as mosquitoes and ticks.
- Sweat and tears from the body of an infected person.
- Hand in hand, hug, use of public toilets, common use of dishes, non-lip kissing.
- Drinking spring water.
- Activities that do not exchange body fluids. (Touch, for example.)
The disease is not transmitted through healthy skin without wounds and scratches.
How do you get AIDS?
AIDS is the worst case of HIV infection. If you do not receive treatment for HIV, your immune system will eventually weaken and HIV will develop into AIDS.
A person with AIDS has a weakened immune system, which can lead to a variety of illnesses.
Does HIV infection differ for different ethnic groups?
For this disease, gender, race, caste, age, place of residence and social status are not affected. However, some individuals are more likely to be infected with HIV than others due to special factors, including the community in which they live, the sub-population to which they belong, and their risk behavior.
If you live in an area where many people are infected with HIV, having sex with such a person or using common tools that can cause skin surface injuries such as needles and needles is more likely to increase the spread of the disease. Therefore, the spread of this disease can occur. Otherwise the prevalence of HIV infection is very low. This suggests that the spread of the disease may vary depending on the nature of the community.
Countries, including many European countries, have a high rate of vaginal and anal sex. Anal intercourse is a high-risk behavior. More than ever before, various health care devices have emerged for the control of social ills. This can protect you from using condoms correctly every time you have unprotected sex. Furthermore, if the person is infected, the spread of the disease can be controlled by using the prescribed medication on a daily basis. The bottom line is that if an infected person is properly treated and has an undetectable level of the virus in their body, they will not be infected with HIV during sexual intercourse.
What to do if you think you are infected with HIV?
If you think he or she is at risk of contracting the HIV virus, or he or she is already infected,
The only way to find out if you have an infection is to have a medical examination.
Most HIV medical tests nowadays are now a quick, painless test. You can get this test done from an authorized medical center in your area. Contact the Community Disease Prevention Center for this.
Knowing the right information here will help protect you and your partner.
- If the result is positive, you should seek medical attention immediately. It protects you and others.
- If the result is negative, you should immediately follow proper health precautions to control the spread of the disease.
How can you be declared HIV positive?
As mentioned earlier, the only way to confirm that you are infected with the HIV virus is to have a medical examination. It is wrong to say that you are infected with a virus based on some of your symptoms.
01. Knowing the exact details of this condition will enable you to keep your spouse healthy. If the result of the test is positive, you can keep the level of HIV in your blood at a very low level by taking the medicine prescribed by the relevant doctor properly. The right thing to do if you want to stay healthy is to take medication properly. It is good for your health to keep the level of HIV virus in your blood at a very low level when you do medical research again. There is no risk of the virus spreading during your sexual activity.
02. If the medical examination you are referring to is negative, you may be happy, but you should immediately resort to safe methods.
03. If you are a pregnant woman, you should see a doctor immediately and if you are infected you will have a lower risk of transmitting the disease to your baby if you seek the necessary treatment during pregnancy.
Symptoms of HIV infection
There are several symptoms of HIV. These symptoms are not the same for every person and vary depending on the stage of the disease.
The following are the three stages of HIV infection symptoms. Here are some of the symptoms:
Strong HIV infection
About two-thirds of people develop a fever-like body temperature between two and four weeks after the first week of infection. These are the first reactions of the body against the HIV virus.
The symptoms are as follows.
- Skin lesions
- Sweating at night
- Muscle pain
- Sore throat
- Swelling of the lymph nodes
- Oral lesions
These symptoms can last for days or weeks. But in the early stages of HIV infection, some people do not show any symptoms.
Do not assume that you are infected with HIV just because you have some of these symptoms. Not without opportunities for other pathogens. If you think you have this disease, you should go for a medical examination.
In this case, the body does not show any symptoms at all. This condition is called chronic HIV infection.
People living with HIV at this stage can live for about 10 or 15 years without treatment.
But if you identify the symptoms at this stage and get treatment to stop the virus from growing in your body, there is no risk of you transmitting the disease to your spouse.
But if you do not recognize the virus in your body and do not have symptoms, it is very important that you get regular medical checkups.
If you do not receive proper treatment for the HIV virus, your body’s immune system will weaken and you will develop AIDS. This is the final stage of HIV infection.
You have these symptoms that have come up to the AIDS stage.
- Rapid weight loss.
- Occasional fever or excessive sweating.
- Excessive body fatigue.
- Swelling of the lymph nodes.
- Diarrhea lasting more than a week.
- Injuries to the genitals, rectum or mouth.
- Pneumonia condition.
- Red, brown, pink or purple spots on the surface or underside of the mouth, nose or eyes.
- Suffering from memory loss, depression and other neurological disorders.
Each of these symptoms may be associated with other illnesses. The only way to find out if you have HIV is to have a medical examination. Prevent your HIV virus from developing to stage III based on medical recommendations. Get the help of a health service officer for this.
Many of the symptoms and symptoms of HIV are caused by damage to your body’s immune system. If you have any or all of these symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.
Do not risk your family, your spouse or your neighbors’ lives because of any of your irresponsible actions. Make sure you only have sex with your partner.
If you do not do so, use the right health care tools to protect the lives of others. This will give the grapes a healthier future life without the deadly, unprotected pathogen.